What makes a difference in ecological restoration in China and a related case study of sloping land conversion program Chen, Yabo
For many years, China has devoted to restoring ecosystem to meet human demands. According to the Society for Ecological Restoration (SER), ecological restoration (ER) is defined as “the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed” (SER, 2004). It is a young field integrating theory and knowledge from various disciplines, including the biological, physical, and social sciences as well as the humanities (Howell et al., 2012). Triggered by increasingly severe problems of soil erosion, land degradation, ﬂooding, dust storms, habitat loss, and etc., the Chinese government has been undertaking several unprecedented ecological restoration programs (ERPs). This essay is to analyze what makes a difference to ER in China. I will discuss in three aspects: Chinese concepts of man and nature, population, and economic development. In the end, I will also take a look at the resulting ER situations in China. This section includes a brief discussion of current China ERPs and an assessment of Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP), which is one of the most famous ERPs in China.
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