UBC Undergraduate Research

Trends in Chinese paper producers and trade Shi, Qinglong


The Trends in Chinese paper producers and trade is a comprehensive analysis on the Chinese paper industry developments, and the policy driving them. There will be two primary parts: wood pulps and paper and paperboard. Wood pulps will be divided to mechanical, chemical and dissolving grade pulps. Paper and paperboard will include printing and writing papers, packaging materials, household and sanitary papers. Because of the recent rapid development of China, and improvement in the standard of living in China, Sanitary and household paper offer a huge potential market in China. There are the excessive production of high grades writing and printing paper in China, which forces producers to seek more export opportunities to sell their products. The Chinese market demand in Wrapping and package paperboard changed substantially from 1961 to 2011. As the consumption of packaging paperboard indirectly reflects the levels of social development and economy, during the period where the Chinese GDP per capita will increase from 3,000 USD to 11,000 USD, the average consumption should also increase stably and reach 100kg in 2016, and finally reach 150kg in 2020. Mechanical wood pulp is obtained by grinding or refining residues into fibers, the technology for producing mechanical pulp for printing paper has not changed much since 1980. Most improvements in technology have been in screening operations. Dissolving wood pulp is made from wood of special quality, with more than 95% alpha-cellulose content and the production is limited by the resource. Since cotton farmland has not increased and the production will not change much in the future, choice of raw material is limited to wood and bamboo. China consumes a substantial amount of chemical pulp. Canadian wood pulp has been used for a longest time in China since it has consistent quality while there are some new competitors. Brazil and Chile have been producing kraft pulp at increasing rates with the lowest cost in the world.

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