Mule deer winter range : managing for a broader range of values Melnick, Anthony
Mule deer winter range (MDWR) management aims to produce a forest with a tree species composition that favours Douglas-fir. Removing spruce, lodgepole pine, and deciduous components of the stand is the standard practice used on these ranges to increase the proportions of Douglas-fir. Large diameter Douglas-fir are especially favoured because they increase the stands ability to intercept snow. The optimal stand structure on a MDWR is a multi layered uneven aged stand. These management strategies can provide very effective snow interception that reduces the snow depth on the ground. Keeping the stand structure also is beneficial for many wildlife species. However, managing for MDWR in this way does not address a number of other issues such as fuel loading, forest health, tree species diversity, and some other wildlife species.
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