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UBC Theses and Dissertations

A new method for the investigation of film flow below one degree in liquid helium. Hebert, Gerard Rosaire


Work on film flow in liquid helium II is not new, but very little has been done in the temperature region below 1 degree. The present work describes a method of extending these measurements down to the very low temperature range. After a brief introduction laying the foundation of the problem in its proper framework in the field of low temperatures, the experiments and results obtained by other workers in film flow and associated phenomena are reviewed. Then the author proceeds to the development of experimental techniques used in attempting to seal gaseous helium at high pressures in glass capsules. Chapter II terminates with a full description of the so-called Heater Method with which helium 'bombs' were sealed at pressures ranging from 750 to 1100 psi. One of these capsules containing a capillary beaker, and partially filled with manganous ammonium sulfate, was used in determining film flow rates at temperatures ranging from approximately 2° to 0.6°K, The lower temperatures were obtained by adiabatic demagnetization techniques. Chapter III is a report of such experimentation. The results obtained are much like those of Ambler and Kurti, 1952, and support their contention that film flow rates do increase with decreasing temperatures in the region below one degree absolute.

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