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A comparison of the Raven Progressive Matrices (1947) and the performance scale of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children for assessing the intelligence of Indian children Wilson, Lolita

Abstract

This study reports the use of the performance scale of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children and the Raven Progressive Matrices (1947) with three groups of children. These groups consisted of thirty children each. The experimental group was composed of Indian children hospitalized in the Charles Camsell Indian Hospital at Edmonton, Alberta. These children were selected as a sample of the Indian children from the large geographic area served by that hospital. The second group comprised hospitalized white children, selected on the basis of availability in hospital at the time of the testing program, and approximated the Indian group in socio-economic status and illness. The third group consisted of white children from intellectually privileged homes. The hypothesis was that the Indian group and the white groups would show less difference in scores obtained on the Raven Progressive Matrices than they would on the performance portion of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The resultant data did not support this hypothesis. On the basis of the findings of the study, suggestions were made for further studies both with children and adults.

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