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The respiration rates of excretory tissues in the cutthroat trout (Salmo clarki clarki) Stott, Gael Harling

Abstract

The oxygen consumptions of gill and kidney tissues of the cutthroat trout (Salmo clarki clarki) were determined by the direct method of Warburg. The respiration rates of tissues from fish ranging from 10 to 100 gm. were examined in relation to body weight. A decline in weight specific oxygen consumption for both tissues was observed. On a log-log plot, the regression coefficient for kidney was -.148 while that for gill was -.139. The decline did not support the .73 rule (Brody, 1945) at the level of tissue respiration. The oxygen consumptions of kidney and gill tissues were examined during a 168 hour period after transfer of the fish from fresh water to 65% standard sea water. A sharp initial rise in QO₂ of kidney tissue was noted during the first 48 hours after transfer, reaching a maximum at 20 hours. The kidney tissue respiration during the remainder of the experimental period remained significantly higher than the parallel control level. The gill tissue respiration declined rapidly during the first 10 hours after transfer and remained significantly below the control level during the whole experimental period. The results are discussed in relation to recent observations of Holmes, Chester Jones, Phillips, and Sexton, concerning possible hormonal regulation of salt-electrolyte and water metabolism by vasopressin and adrenocortical steroids in euryhaline species of salmonids.

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