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A study on the blood protozoa of blue grouse on Vancouver Island Woo, Patrick Tung Kee

Abstract

The present study demonstrates that blue grouse on Vancouver Island are infected with two species of Haemoproteus, probably two species of Leucocytozoon and a species of Trypanosoma. Haemoproteus dendragapi n.sp. is described from the Nanaimo Lakes Area. The growth rate of H. canachites gametocytes is much more rapid than that described by Fallis in Ontario. The very young tissue stages of H. canachites are described from lung preparations of grouse chicks. The life cycle of Leucocytozoon bonasae has been completed by using a new vector, Cnephia minus. As reported by Fallis in Ontario, Simulium aureum has been found to be a vector of L. bonasae on Vancouver Island. This study has verified Woodcock's often ignored hypothesis that the morphology of the gametocyte-host cell complex changes with age of infection. A probable new species of Leucocytozoon is described from the Campbell River Area. In-vitro culture of the trypanosome from grouse blood has been carried out. A yearling blue grouse has been successfully infected by inoculation of metacyclic trypansomes from the culture.

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