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A comparison of Goodenough and Stanford-Binet scores of children referred to a mental hygiene clinic Fox, Jack Frank

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to compare the Goodenough and Stanford-Binet scores of children referred to a Mental Hygiene Clinic. The sample was composed of 150 children between the ages of six and twelve. The relationship between the two sets of scores was examined, comparing the IQ's, MA's, and MA's with CA held constant. Differences associated with age and sex, individual differences between the two scores, and the range of variations were noted. The inter-scorer reliability of the Goodenough was also investigated. The Goodenough inter-scorer reliability was found to be very high. The correlation between the Goodenough and Stanford-Binet scores was slight for the IQ's, higher for the MA's, and still higher for the MA's when the CA was held constant. A large majority of the children scored higher on their Stanford-Binet than on their Goodenough tests, and there were many large differences between a child's score on the Binet and his score on the Goodenough. There were no differences found between the two instruments that were associated with age, but there were marked differences associated with sex. The boys' drawings were much better indicators of their intellectual abilities, as measured by the Stanford-Binet, than the girls'. It was concluded that the Goodenough Draw-a-Man Test could not be safely used as an independent test of an individual's intelligence, in a Mental Hygiene Clinic.

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