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UBC Theses and Dissertations

A regional study of social welfare measurements : no. 4 (Vancouver Island) : an exploration of the regional assessment of demographic and social welfare statistics for British Columbia, 1951-1961 Cumming, Robert Coulter


This study of social welfare measurements in Region I (Vancouver Island) is the fourth in a series of regional assessments. A similar study of Region VI (The Okanagan) is presently being completed. Three previous studies have been done; one in an unorganized area of Northern British Columbia, the second Region III (The Fraser Valley), and the third was a comprehensive study of Metropolitan Vancouver including several of the surrounding districts. Region I of the Department of Social Welfare very closely coincides with census division 5 of British Columbia. This has overcome the discrepancy that often exists between census material boundaries and welfare regional boundaries. Census division 5 actually includes some islands and isolated areas of the north coast of British Columbia lying adjacent to Vancouver Island. These areas are very sparsely populated and are more readily accessible from the mainland than from Vancouver Island, and are therefore not included in Welfare Region I. Basic statistical data was compiled and computed from the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Extensive use was made of 1961 data with selective reference being made to the 1951 data available. In some instances the census subdivision boundaries were changed within the bench work decade (1951-1961). Therefore some of the changes in social and economic conditions could not be measured. In these instances it was necessary to rely on the 1961 data. The welfare statistics were compiled primarily from the monthly reports of the Provincial Department of Social Welfare for the years 1951 and 1961. However, in Metropolitan Victoria there are numerous private social agencies and one major one serving families and children. This latter was chosen to examine more fully the welfare services offered in this area. This is an initial exploratory study of Vancouver Island as a welfare region. Further studies in detail of the kind initiated in Nanaimo to measure the appropriateness and effectiveness of welfare services should be carried out. These would provide information for comprehensive planning for the welfare needs of the people who live in this region.

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