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Follow up study of patients discharged from Lion's Gate Hospital Ghaed, Sylvia

Abstract

This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that patients improved by undergoing treatment in the Activation Unit at Lion's Gate Hospital, North Vancouver, B.C. It was carried out under the auspices of that hospital and the School of Social Work at the University of British Columbia. Data on two hundred eighty-four patients discharged from the Unit between August 1, 1965 and June 30, 1967 was collected from medical and social service files and from questionnaires returned to the unit by physicians three months after patients' discharge. This data was prepared for the computer (MVTAB program), which was used to develop univariate and bivariate frequency and percentage tables. Findings were interpreted to show characteristics of the patient population and to test the hypothesis. Two subhypotheses supporting the main one that patients do improve were the following: 1) that most patients show improvement between admission to and discharge from the Activation Unit; and 2) that diagnosis is an important factor in determining which patients improve in the program. Improvement was found in 63.8% of the 235 patients for whom the level of functioning was reported at admission and discharge to the unit. Arthritic patients tended to improve less than neurological, surgical, or cerebral-vascular patients. The overall conclusion supported the hypothesis that patients do benefit in terms of a higher rate of independent functioning from their stay in the Activation Unit. Recommendations were made on two levels: 1) for further research, both descriptive and exploratory, and 2) for centralization and standardization of information and records.

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