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The development of Xenophon's political ideas Rahn, Peter Jacob

Abstract

This thesis traces the development of Xenophon’s political ideas from his youth to old age. Special attention is given to statements of evaluation in the Hellenica concerning events that occurred in his lifetime. The basic attitudes and ideas of his other works are analysed and fitted into the chronological framework provided by the study of the Hellenica. Then we conclude that Xenophon's ideas were not static but changed to meet the immediate needs of the Greek states. The bases upon which his ideas are founded are two attitudes that are constantly in a tension. These are, on, the one hand, an aristocratic admiration of the heroic warrior and, on the other, an attitude designated as philanthropia.

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