UBC Theses and Dissertations
Community consequences of rapid transit Herbert, Larry
The hypothesis: Urban development will be stimulated by introducing rapid transit into a city's structure. Therefore, rapid transit can be used by planners as a tool to control and implement predetermined development of varying natures within the city. Chapter 1 discusses the role which transportation in general can play in changing the city. It is examined as a changing technology, as a cause of centralization and decentralization, and as a theory explaining urban structure. Chapter 2 begins by discussing theory of rapid transit planning after which three case studies are presented — Chicago, Cleveland, and Toronto. Each of these cities has been chosen to illustrate different rapid transit planning approaches. Chicago represents a system oriented to the central city; Cleveland represents a system oriented to the suburbs; and Toronto represents a new system oriented to the central city but expanding into suburban areas. Chapter 3 applies the theory and case study information to Vancouver, three theoretical rapid transit stations are proposed. Nanaimo-Hastings represents the impact rapid transit has upon a neighborhood of older homes adjacent to a high-quality commercial shopping strip. Main-Hastings/Pender (Chinatown-Strathcona) represents the relationship of rapid transit to the edge of the core area and to urban renewal. Georgia-Granville represents the integration of rapid transit in the core. In each case the effects upon adjacent land use are postulated.
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