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A study of the antibody response to antigenic preparations derived from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Johnston, Linda Joan


Several cellular and subcellular fractions were prepared from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA-7. Those found to be immunogenic in rabbits included a heat-stable lipopolysaccharide, a protein-lipopolysaccharide complex, a cell wall preparation arid a formalin-killed whole cell vaccine. However, a lipopolysaccharide preparation extracted with phenol and water was found to be a poor immunogen in rabbits. The cell wall fraction proved to be the most effective immunogen in terms of the amount of antibody evoked, and of the duration of the serum antibody response. Hyperimmune sera produced against all four antigens were found to contain a mixed population of 2-mercaptoethanol sensitive and 2-mercaptdethanol resistant antibodies. Gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography studies established the presence of both IgM and IgG immunoglobulins in all four types of hyperimmune serum. Whole immune serum, as well as the IgM and IgG serum fractions, afforded passive protection to mice challenged with twenty or more LD₅₀ of viable organisms. There was an indication that the IgG fraction of two of the four serum types provided better protection than did the IgM fraction, but precipitation studies indicated that this may have been due to greater numbers of IgG immunoglobulins. In addition serum containing a high proportion of 2-mercaptoethanol resistant antibody-was found to promote faster clearance of injected bacteria than did serum taken earlier in the response. Immunodiffusion studies indicated that all four antigenic preparations contained at least one common immunogen; moreover, all serum types were able to react with sheep red blood cells coated with the heat-stable lipopolysaccharide preparation in passive hemagglutination and hemolysin tests.

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