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Developmental and genetic analysis of a purported new class of sex-lined mutations in Drosophila melanogaster. Pratt, L. Rachel

Abstract

During the screening process 5,20 8 X chromosomes of -Drosophila melanogaster were analyzed for the presence of temperature-sensitive (ts) lethal mutations (i.e. mutants which die at 29°C but are viable at 22°C) in short proximal and distal segments of the chromosome. Seven ts and 16 non-ts lethals were recovered in both regions combined. A new class of mutations (class-3), which failed to survive at 29°C with either proximal or distal duplication and showed ts lethality with one, was found and extensively analyzed. These mutants were initially interpreted to be dominant ts's, although the heterozygotes of each mutant showed this not to be so. It was decided that these might more probably be chromosomes carrying a lethal mutation covered by the duplication, and a ts lethal mapping elsewhere. By masking the non-conditional lethal with a duplication, developmental studies of the ts mutant were made. The temperature-sensitive period (TSP) and lethal phase (LP) were characterized for each. All TSP’s spanned the early pupal interval, though an individual TSP might extend to either side of this interval. The pattern of temperature-sensitivity of C3-3 suggested that once formed at permissive temperature, its product was not affected by 29°C. The experiments suggest that the temperature-sensitive process occurs at transcription or translation. A lethal allele of the dor locus was recovered, and, in analysis of this mutant with other dor alleles and several variegating duplications, dor itself was found to be a ts lethal. "Warped" wing, a new phenotype of the dor locus which occurred only with the variegating duplications, was described. This paper further describes a method for developmental analysis of non-ts lethal mutations, involving the use of variegating rearrangements.

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