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UBC Theses and Dissertations

A feasibility study of the recycling of newsprint in the Lower Mainland area of British Columbia Johannson, John Ivan

Abstract

Many countries in the world today have reached the point of full utilization of their forest resources, to satisfy their need for lumber and pulp and paper products. Others have reached the point where their consumption is far in excess of the capacity their domestic forest stands can sustain and they are net importers of these products. Still fewer have developed the practice of recycling these products to any appreciable extent. Canada and United States are approaching full utilization and have only accomplished a recycling rate of approximately 20% of paper and paperboard products. On the other hand conservationists are calling for more efficient utilization of resources, ecologists are calling for less waste and less pollution, while the burden on city garbage collection facilities, 50% of which is paper products, is increasing exponentially. In this thesis the technical processes required to make first quality newsprint from recycled newspaper are shown to be available. The economics of such a plant is examined in detail leading to the judgment that it is economically sound. The conclusion is reached that a 300 ton/ day newsprint mill can be entirely supported by locally generated waste newspaper in a city of three million population or over. Furthermore, it is concluded that if the collection and transportation of waste newspapers is not impeded by governmental regulations or unanticipated competition in the feeder cities, such a plant is still economically feasible after allowing for water barge transportation of the raw materials as far as 200 miles.

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