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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Blending palm oil with flaxseed oil or menhaden fish oil to produce enriched omega-3 oils for deep-fat-frying Soewono, Adri A.

Abstract

Two of the major dietary food sources of omega-3 fatty acids are flaxseed oil and fish oil; the former being a rich source of PUFA (e.g. α-linolenic acid (α-LA)), while the latter is a source of HUFA (e.g. eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)). In this study, palm oil, a commonly used vegetable oil that is widely available in Asian and African countries, was blended with flaxseed (omega 3-PUFA) and fish oil (menhaden oil) (omega-3 HUFA); respectively, to obtain blended oils that both contained a 1: 4 ratio of omega-3 :omega 6 fatty acids. Rosemary extract (0.02% w/w) was added to the oil blends to stabilize the oil during use for deep-fat frying. Eight hours of heating at 180 °C was used to determine the stability of omega-3 fatty acids and uptake from the omega-3 enriched palm oil into fried potatoes. Lipid oxidation and thermal degradation of the palm oil blends, along with retention of α-LA , EPA, and DHA were measure of oil blends stability. Linoleic acid content in flax-palm oil blend did not change during frying when in the presence of different antioxidant treatments. The α-LA content of heated flax-palm oil blend was significantly reduced (P

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