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Relationship of dependency to work resumption of patients with myocardial infarction Sayo, Gardenia Javier-Septimo

Abstract

This study involves an investigation of the relationship between dependency and work resumption of patients with myocardial infarction. In the process of studying this problem, information concerning the different levels of dependency during the convalescence through employment continuum v/as gathered. The purposes of the study are to add to the body of knowledge concerning the concept of dependency and to make nurses and other members of the health team aware of the implications of dependency behaviour in the process of resuming normal function of patients with myocardial infarction. Its long range purpose is to increase the sense of well-being and achieving of the patient with myocardial infarction by helping him resume his productive role, both through the help of members of the health team and members of his family. The study was planned to test the following hypotheses: 1. The employed patients with myocardial infarction will show lower dependency ratings than the unemployed patients in the Navran Dy Scale. 2. The employed patients with myocardial infarction will show progressive decrease in the D-I Scale dependency ratings along the convalescence to employment period continuum, while the unemployed patients with myocardial infarction will maintain a constant level of dependency ratings in the D-I Scale along the convalescence to employment period continuum. 3. Low trait dependents with myocardial infarction will show progressive decrease in the D-I Scale dependency ratings along the convalescence to employment period continuum, while high trait dependent patients with myocardial infarction will continue to show steady dependency ratings in the D-I Scale along the convalescence to employment period continuum. Two structured questionnaires were constructed following a review of the literature to obtain information regarding the research problem. The Navran Dy and the dependency portion of the D-I Scale were also administered. The study population consisted of 21 men. The study population was restricted to men who were confined in the hospital for their first myocardial infarction, who were 64 years of age or younger, who could read and write English, and who had been employed for the 6 months immediately prior to the confinement. Analysis of the data included Frequency tables, T test and the Two-Factor Analysis of Variance. The findings of the study showed that patients with myocardial infarction showed different degrees of dependency, both trait and state. The findings failed to support the three hypotheses even though during the data analysis of the individual hypothesis, the group means showed leaning towards the direction of the hypothesis. The study suggests that steps should be taken to make nurses and family more aware of the varying degrees of dependency in patients.

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