UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Induction of phenylpropanoid metabolism in elicitor-treated hybrid poplar suspension-cultured cells Sá, Mário Moniz de.


Induction of phenylpropanoid metabolism in many plants is associated with the induction of plant defence responses. Among these are the accumulation of phenylpropanoid-derived phytoalexins, increase in lignification around infected sites, and the accumulation of wall-bound phenolic compounds. I show in this work, that H11 hybrid cell suspension cultures when treated with either of three elicitors respond with an increase in phenylpropanoid metabolism. Activation proceeds rapidly from PAL and 4CL mRNA accumulation, to a massive increase in extractable PAL enzyme activity and finally there is accumulation of specific phenolic compounds in the cell extracts, culture filtrates, and cell walls. In addition, elicitor treatment causes cells to turn brown, indicative of phenolic compound accumulation. As in other plants, induction is dependent on culture age, is dose dependent, and the kinetics of induction is the same with all three elicitors. Based on the previously established mode of action of PGA lyase as an elicitor, it is concluded that in poplar, as in other plants, defence responses can be induced by elicitors from both fungal and plant cell wall origin. These results illustrate the successful use of plant suspension cultures as a simplified system to study inducible defence responses. In addition, and consistent with the ubiquitous nature of phenolics in poplar, phenylpropanoid metabolism may play an important role in plant defence responses in this species.

Item Media

Item Citations and Data


For non-commercial purposes only, such as research, private study and education. Additional conditions apply, see Terms of Use https://open.library.ubc.ca/terms_of_use.