UBC Theses and Dissertations
Analysis of a murine lymphocyte proliferation-associated antigen (MALA-2) : the murine homolog of the human ICAM-1 molecule Baker, Brett Hugh James
MALA-2 (Murine Lymphocyte Activated Antigen-2) is a murine cell surface antigen that is detected at high concentration on activated, proliferating lymphocytes, but only weakly on resting lymphocytes. It is thought to play an important role in lymphocyte activation since the rat monoclonal antibody YN1/1.7.4 which recognizes MALA-2 is capable of inhibiting the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Considering the central role of lymphocyte activation to the generation and maintenance of the immune response, I undertook the purification and biochemical characterization of MALA-2. In these studies, MALA-2 was isolated and purified to homogeneity using immobilized YN1/1.7.4 monoclonal antibody and sodium docecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Biochemical characterization studies revealed that MALA-2 is a Mr 95-100 kD glycoprotein containing a protein backbone of approximately 66 kD, and N-linked carbohydrate chains amounting to a Mr of approximately 35 kD. Two dimensional gel electrophoresis suggested that MALA-2 has an isoelectric point of 4.9. Although it was previously suspected that MALA-2 might be associated with the transferrin receptor on the cell surface, this was shown not to be the case on NS-1 cells. Additionally, ³²P-orthophosphate labelling of MALA-2 on NS-1 or MBL-2 cells could not be detected. Finally, the partial amino acid sequence of MALA-2 was determined by sequencing trypsin-generated peptides from purified MALA-2. Computer-assisted homology comparisons of the MALA-2 partial amino acid sequences with other known sequences showed that MALA-2 shared its most consistent homology with a class of proteins known as the immunoglobulin superfamily. Subsequent to this study, the partial amino acid sequences obtained within this study were used to construct oligonucleotide probes. These probes were used for the screening of cDNA libraries, facilitating the successful cloning of the MALA-2 gene. This, in turn, resulted in the identification of MALA-2 as the murine counterpart of the human ICAM-1 molecule, a protein known to play a significant role in intercellular adhesion and lymphocyte activation within the immune system. Significantly, results obtained from the biochemical characterization of MALA-2 carried out in this thesis have been confirmed by the subsequent nucleotide sequence data from the cloning of MALA-2.
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