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Interaction of macrophage cationic proteins with the outer membrane of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Sawyer, Janet Gail


Purified macrophage cationic proteins were used in functional assays to determine their interactions with the outer membrane and lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A fluorescent derivative of polymyxin B (dansyl-polymyxin) was found to bind to saturation to purified lipopolysaocharide, with similar affinity for the aminoglycoside supersensitive strain H215 and wild type strain H103 lipopolysaocharide. MCP-1 could displace more dansyl-polymyxin bound to the lipopolysaocharide of both strains, and bound with greater affinity than MCP-2. When whole cells were used, MCPs also displaced bound dansyl-polymyxin. Effects on the outer membrane of whole cells were examined by determining the initial rate of uptake of the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1-N-phenylnaphthylamine. Uptake was enhanced in the presence of MCPs, indicating permeabilization of the outer membrane. MCP-1 caused maximal uptake of the probe at 40 µg/ml, MCP-2 at 70 µg/ml, and crude extract at only 20 µg/ml. Uptake of the probe was found to be enhanced at add pH, with maximal uptake occurring with only 7.5 µg/ml MCP-1 at pH 6.5. The data suggested that MCPs act to permeabilize the outer membranes of P. aeruginosa in a manner analagous to that defined for other polycationic agents.

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