UBC Theses and Dissertations
The role of sound in the British Columbia troll salmon fishery Boyes, David Ross
Sparked by anecdotal accounts of boat noise influencing the catch rates of commercial salmon trollers on the B.C. coast, acoustical studies of both boats and fish were undertaken. The study was in four parts: 1. Acoustical output of salmon trollers: Recordings were made of troll vessels and examined on a spectrum analyzer. Sonic output was predominantly of low frequency, under 300 Hz. Output levels at trolling speed (1-2 m/s) were about 20 dB re 1 μbar at 1 meter from the hull. Higher frequency spikes (1-2.5 kHz) were observed with operation of hydraulic pumps for auxiliary equipment. Broadband, transient output (approximately 1-6 kHz), was thought to be correlated with cavitation from propellors. 2. Fish sounds: Recordings were made of herring, salmon and rainbow trout swimming rapidly and feeding on pellets in net pen enclosures. These were examined on a spectrum analyzer. Two types of sounds were evident, "knocks" and "scratches". Knocks were correlated with rapid swimming and maneuvering and are likely of hydrodynamic origin. Scratches were thought to be produced by branchiate and skeletal movements and were relatively faint. Knocks were l-2 kHz, scratches 3.5-5.5 kHz. The dominant sounds in actively feeding, subsurface salmonids, were knocks. Recordings of feeding schools sounded remarkably like trickling water to the human ear. 3. Attracting salmon in net pens: Attempts were made to lure coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and chinook (Oncorhynchus tschawy tscha) as well as rainbov/ trout (Salmo gairdneri) to a speaker projecting recorded feeding sounds of the target fish. No responses of any kind were observed to output levels as high as 55 dB re 1 μbar at 1 meter. 4. Attracting salmon at sea: Recorded and simulated feeding and swimming sounds of salmonids were projected within the gear array of a commercial salmon troller fishing on the west coast of Vancouver Island, B.C. Catch rates were monitored with the test sounds on and off. Output level was 55 dB re 1 μbar at 1 meter. No significant change in catch rate was observed in response to the test sounds.
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