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UBC Theses and Dissertations

The effect of pancreatic duct ligation on the gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), gastric acid secretion and glucose metabolism in dogs Nakayasu, Akira


(A) Gastric Secretion The present study was performed to investigate the canine post-pancreatic duct ligation GIP secretion in response to fat ingestion using a meat meal mixed with unhydrolyzed or hydrolyzed whipping cream, and to determine whether GIP plays a role in the production of hyperacid secretion in the pancreatic duct ligated dogs. Four mongrel female dogs were prepared with Heidenhain pouch (HP) and gastric fistula (GF), and daily acid secretion from the HP was measured before and after pancreatic duct ligation (PDL). HP acid output, serum immunoreactive gastrin (IR-Ga) and serum immunoreactive gastric inhibitory polypeptide (IR-GIP) concentrations during five hours following oral ingestion of a meat meal alone, a meat meal mixed with 125g of unhydrolyzed cream and meat meal mixed with 125g of hydrolyzed cream were measured before and after PDL. Twenty four hour HP acid outputs increased significantly in each of the four dogs after PDL. Five hour HP acid outputs in response to a meat meal alone and a meat meal plus unhydrolyzed cream were modestly increased, while those in response to a meat meal plus hydrolyzed cream were rather reduced after PDL. Serum IR-Ga responses to all stimulants were lowered after PDL and those to meat meal plus hydrolyzed cream lowered most markedly. Serum IR-GIP responses to a meat meal alone were significantly increased, while those to a meat meal plus unhydrolyzed and hydrolyzed cream were reduced. The results of the present study demonstrate serum IR-GIP in response to a meat meal is increased by PDL in dogs, suggesting augmented acid juice passing into the intestinal lumen is responsible for the increased GIP response. It is indicated that hypo-secretion of GIP is not the cause of hypersecretion of gastric acid in the PDL dogs. (B) Glucose Metabolism. Functional alteration in glucose homeostasis especially concerning the early onset of diabetes after PDL was studied in dogs. Intravenous (i.v.) and intragastric glucose tolerance tests were performed at two to ten weeks and two weeks after PDL respectively. Serum glucose, IRI, and IR-GIP in response to a meat meal with and without unhydrolyzed or hydrolyzed fat were estimated at six weeks after PDL. Significantly impaired glucose tolerance and early phase IRI secretion after i.v. glucose were shown at two to ten weeks after PDL. Intragastric glucose load revealed delayed pattern of serum glucose and IRI (no evidence of glucose intolerance or diminished IRI secretion), indicating decreased gastric motility after PDL. Serum IR-GIP response to intragastric glucose load was not attenuated by the operation but showed a similar pattern to IRI response. Serum IRI responses to meat meals with and without unhydrolyzed or hydrolyzed cream were impaired after PDL. It is indicated that dogs after PDL show early onset (two to ten weeks) of diabetes, i.e. blunted early phase insulin secretion, 2 the mechanism of GIP secretion as an insulinotropic enterohormone remains intact after PDL if sufficient stimulants are given.

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