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The effect of triamcinolone acetonide on collagen synthesis by human and mouse dermal fibroblasts in cell culture Tan, Elaine Mei Li


Glucocorticoids are known to affect metabolic activities of cells. The mechanism of glucocorticoid actions in adult human dermal and mouse L-929 fibroblasts have yet to be fully ascertained. This study endeavors to examine the effects of one glucocorticoid, triamcinolone acetonide, on cellular proliferation and collagen synthesis and to compare such effects in the human and mouse cell lines. Cellular proliferation and collagen synthesis are analyzed and quantitated by cell counts and selective digestion of the protein by bacterial collagenase, respectively. Further analysis of collagen synthesis is provided by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. One-tenth triamcinolone acetonide per ml suppresses cellular proliferation of mouse L-929 fibroblasts. Proline incorporation into total and collagenase-sensitive protein is enhanced in the cell layer; that of medium is altered inconsistently. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of proteins treated with pepsin show the abolition of total and collagenase-sensitive protein in the cell layer. Aberrations in hydroxylation and/or deformation in physical structure of protein may confer greater susceptibility to pepsin digestion. Cellular proliferation and proline incorporation into total and collagenase-sensitive protein of adult human dermal fibroblasts are affected inconsistently by the same dose of triamcinolone acetonide. Except for the consistent suppression of cellular proliferation in the murine L-929 fibroblasts by triamcinolone acetonide, all observations pertaining to human dermal fibroblasts are incompatible with those obtained by other workers. Manipulation of culture conditions and glucocorticoid treatment dictate, to a large extent, the kind of responses observed. This could account for the wide variability and frequent contradictory findings reported in the literature.

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