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An interbattery factor analytic study of relationships between colour vision, ability and personality variables Hawkins, John Frederick

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine (1) whether there were any underlying links among presently used colour vision tests, and (2) whether there were any interbattery connections between colour vision, ability and personality variables.156 subjects were tested on four colour vision tests (the CAT, 100-Hue, BCBT, and P-N anomaloscope, yielding 13 scores), 9 ability tests (from the CAB battery), and the 16PF personality test. Maximum likelihood factor analytic techniques were applied to the 13 colour vision variables. It was found that two and three factor solutions were useful in explaining relationships among the 13 colour vision variables; the basic distinction in the two-factor solution being surface colour, self manipulation versus anomaloscope light, experimenter control while, for the three-factor solution, the anomaloscope factor split into yellow-blue versus red-green and green-blue equations. In the analysis of interbattery relationships (colour vision to abilities and colour vision to personality), Tucker's (1958) interbattery factor analytic procedure was used. There was one interbattery colour vision-ability factor that relied mainly upon a memory element. Two interbattery personality-colour vision factors were found, one being a reserved, relaxed individual who performed better on the surface colour, self manipulated tests and the other being an aggressive, competitive intellectual who performed better on the anomaloscope, light, experimenter controlled tests. The present findings were compared to previous results (Lakowski, 1970b) with no similarities being found, probably due to the difference in ages of the two populations. Generally, meaningful distinctions were made between various colour vision tasks and underlying connections were demonstrated between colour vision, ability and personality domains.

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