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Adolescents’ Involvement in structured activities and perceptions of role strain Catto, Lisa Maria

Abstract

This study investigated the association between adolescents’ involvement in structured activities and perceptions of role strain, and whether this relationship is moderated by age or the goodness of fit in decision making regarding involvement in structured activities (N = 451, 42% male, n = 190; female, 58% n = 261). The sample is comprised of students in grades 8 - 12 in a public school in a large western Canadian city (Mean age = 14.4. SD = 1.4). Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for gender, revealed that most of the respondents are experiencing some degree of role strain, and that participation in structured activities is positively associated with their perceptions of role strain. On average, respondents engage in 3.5 to four hours of structured activities in a given 24-hour period. Age and decision making did not moderate the association between structured activities and role strain as expected. However, age was found to have a significant main effect on adolescents’ perceptions of role strain. Contributions from this study assist in understanding how time spent in structured activities, while important for adolescent development, may be associated with role strain.

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