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Chewing the cud, and chewing it differently : contextual and individual differences in reactive rumination and negative affect Puterman, Eli

Abstract

The present study explores the relationships between reactive ruminative style, daily reactive rumination, and daily negative affect, both within the same day, and across days. Further, the extent to which perceived social support moderates the effect of a reactive ruminative style on daily reactive rumination was explored. One hundred and seventy-six individuals were interviewed and completed a structured diary twice daily for one week. The results of hierarchical linear modeling suggested that reactive ruminative style and daily reactive rumination interacted to predict fluctuations of daily negative affect within the same day. Next day fluctuations in negative affect were predicted by a reactive ruminative style. Furthermore, results indicated that perceived social support interacted with a reactive ruminative style to predict both same day and next day daily reactive rumination. Relevance to both reactive rumination theory and the stress and coping literatures are discussed.

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