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Metaphonology, phonology and language in children with cleft palate Rice, Martha J.


The purpose of this study was to examine the metaphonology and possible associated factors in children with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate. This prospective study involved 20 children who presented with non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate only. The 8 males and 12 females ranged in age from 66 to 84 months. Standardized tests were administered to assess the following abilities: metaphonology, phonology, morphosyntax and vocabulary, verbal working memory and non-verbal cognition. The results indicated that these children perform within normal limits on tests of metaphonology and on tests of morpho-syntax and vocabulary. Ninety percent of the children did have residual speech production problems appear to be related to dental issues such as malocclusions and missing teeth.

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