UBC Theses and Dissertations
The social construction of skill : skill and working knowledge of garment workers in a Vancouver clothing factory Rauch, Ulrich
An examination of the working knowledge of female garment workers provides the empirical context for the analysis of gendered and racialized notions of skill in a Vancouver garment factory. This thesis problematizes how the labour of garment workers is socially constructed as being of low-value and lowskill, both inside and outside the factory. The social construction of skill on the shopfloor is examined through ethnographic observation of garment construction on the shopfloor and semi-structured interviews with floor-workers, management and union leaders conducted over eight months serve to describe My findings indicate that in spite of managerial strategies that serve to create categories of unskilled work and workers alike, operators act knowledgably and competently on the job. But the social construction of skill, permeated with gendered, racialized and class-based attributions, tends to make invisible the working knowledge of operators. In a contradictory way, being considered skilled turns into a disadvantage for those workers who are expected to perform even more efficiently without increased financial reward. Thus being recognized as more skilled becomes problematic for garment workers. As this study shows skill is a contradictory social construct defined by ideological and political interests. Definitions of skill are as much a reflection of a contradictory labour process as an expression of differential power and privilege. The preservation of power and privilege is in fact the subtext for managerial definitions of skill that render female garment workers as unskilled. This finding points to the need for a critical reflection on the utility of the concept of skill and questions whether skill is a viable concept for explaining and reflecting on the working knowledge of operators, and suggests that notions of tacit skill and working knowledge might be more fruitful. Shortly after my fieldwork ended the plant observed in this study ceased production and moved its operations to a Free Trade Zone in Central America. The same social processes that allow the construction of garment workers as "unskilled" on the Vancouver shopfloor produce even cheaper "unskilled" labour globally.
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