UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

The development of VLSI implementation-related neural network training algorithms Li, Gang


Artificial neural networks are systems composed of interconnected simple computing units known as artificial neurons which simulate some properties of their biological counterparts. They have been developed and studied for understanding how brains function, and for computational purposes. Two kinds of architecture of Neural Network Models( NNMs) are the most popular, Recurrent and Feed-forward. The recurrent model (Hopfield network) is one of the simplest NNMs. It is specially designed as a Content Addressable Memory (CAM). The feed-forward models include Perceptron and multilayer perceptrons. They have been proved to be useful in many applications. Two parts are included in this thesis. In part 1, recurrent models are investigated and a novel digital CMOS VLSI implementation scheme is proposed. Synaptic matrix construction rules (training rules) for the proposed model were simulated on SUN work stations. Three widely accepted training rules are simulated and compared, the Hebb's rule, the Projection rule and the Simplex method. A coding scheme, named "dilution", is applied to the three training rules. Both Dilution Coding Hebb's rule and Dilution Coding Projection rule were verified to exhibit good performance. In part 2 of the thesis, feed-forward models are introduced. Variations of the BP algorithm are developed together with the considerations of hardware implementations. The proposed DPT (Delta Pre-Training) method can speed up BP training and can also reduce the probability of getting trapped in a local minima. The implementation of the DPT method will not increase the complexity of VLSI design.

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