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The human side of development : a study of migration, housing, and community satisfaction in Pudong New Area, People’s Republic of China Halliday, Deborah Louise


Since announcing its 'open door policy' in the late 1970s and shifting towards a 'socialist market economy' in recent years, the People's Republic of China has been experiencing vast economic, social and demographic changes. China's high economic growth rate is spurring migration to the cities as people search for higher standards of living and increased income. This is compounded by relaxed household registration laws enabling people to move to urban centers in greater numbers, resulting in profound effects upon the rate and level of urbanization. This in turn is adding pressure on China's existing housing shortage, increasing the state's heavy financial burden and the furthering the need for housing reform Pudong New Area, or East Shanghai, is a district that has been slated for vast economic and industrial development, and its growth is being affected by the changes outlined above. Pudong is now the site of booming construction of many types, including basic infrastructure, housing and factories, and has quickly become home to over one million people. This study thus seeks to understand the processes by which people have come to Pudong, the ways and means by which they have been provided with basic housing and their satisfaction levels with their current housing situations and communities. The links between these three aspects of Pudong's development are also examined, shedding light on the relationship between the government and people in terms of the growth of Pudong New Area. Two Sino-Foreign Joint Ventures were used to gather data for this study: both surveys and interviews were conducted with employees. It was found that Pudong's future success rests on three things: population control, return on housing investment and the satisfaction levels of the residents of Pudong.

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