UBC Theses and Dissertations
Dry deposition of ozone in the Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia : measurements and comparison with a model Kellerhals, Markus
Surface deposition is an important sink for tropospheric ozone. The rate of ozone deposition may be measured by measuring the downward flux of ozone in the atmospheric surface-layer. This thesis presents eddy correlation measurements of ozone fluxes, taken on eight days in August, 1994, at a grassland site located in the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia. Surface resistances to ozone deposition were calculated from the flux measurements. Much of the variability in measured surface resistances was found to be attributable to variations in ambient light levels and in the degree of moisture stress at the site. Measurements of surface resistance from this site agreed quite well with other measurements of ozone deposition to grassland surfaces. Measured surface resistances were compared to surface resistances calculated using the Wesely (1989) parameterization (W89) for surface resistance. W89 underestimated surface resistance, particularly in the mid afternoon and early evening. This was attributed to the model's neglect of the effects of water stress on stomatal resistance, as well as to a low value for resistance to ground surface deposition in the model. The eddy correlation fluxes were compared to ozone fluxes derived using an assumption of cospectral similarity between ozone and heat flux and to ozone fluxes measured using the variance method and the gradient method. The cospectral similarity method worked well and allowed a considerable relaxation of the sampling speed requirements of the eddy correlation method. The variance method produced biased flux measurements due to high frequency noise from the ozone sensor. Flux measurements using the gradient method had a great deal of scatter, due to inaccuracies in the measurement of gradients.
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