UBC Theses and Dissertations
NMRON studies of insulating magnetic materials Le Gros, Mark
Selective excitation pulsed NMRON, CW-NMRON and Thermal NMR methods have been used to study the low temperature ⁵⁴Mn nuclear spin-lattice relaxation mechanisms in magnetic insulators. The selective single and double quantum excitation sequences have been used for the first time in NMRON to obtain single and double quantum rotation patterns, Free Induction Decays, Hahn spin echoes and pulsed T₁ measurements. Two insulating magnets have been studied; MnCl₂.4H₂O and Mn(COOCH₃ )₂ .4H₂O. In the ⁵⁴Mn-MnCl₂ .4H₂O system the temperature dependence of the ⁵⁴Mn spin-lattice relaxation time at zero field was measured between 35 mK and 90 mK and it was found that the dominant relaxation process between 65 mK and 90 mK is an electronic magnon Raman process and below 65 mK a direct relaxation process dominates. Single and double quantum Free Induction Decays and Hahn spin echoes have been used to determine the magnitude and nature of the spin-spin relaxation mechanism for ⁵⁴Mn oriented in MnCl₂.4H₂O at zero applied field. NMRON was observed for the first time in the paramagnetic phase of MnCl₂.4H₂O. The resonance lines are inhomogeneously broadened and 300 kHz wide. A value of <⁵⁴AS>/h=-513.6(3) MHz has been determined for the paramagnetic phase hyperfine coupling constant, and this value has been used to determine the zero point spin deviation of the antiferromagnetic phase. The field and temperature dependence of the ⁵⁴Mn T₁ was measured for values of field above the spin flop paramagnetic phase transition and a field dependent T₁ minimum was discovered at Ba=2.64 T. For the ⁵⁴Mn-Mn(COOCH₃) .4H₂O system two ⁵⁴Mn resonances have been observed and the value of the hyper fine coupling constants for the two sites were found to be <⁵⁴AS>/h=-435 (1) MHz for the ⁵⁴Mn1 site and <⁵⁴AS>/h=-478(1) MHz for the ⁵⁴Mn2 site. The high field spin-lattice relaxation behavior has also been investigated and a T₁ minimum at Ba =2.74 T analogous to that observed in MnCl₂ .4H₂O was discovered. A Hahn echo study of the low field single quantum spin-spin relaxation processes has been performed and anomalous behavior of the spin echo amplitude revealed.