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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Recovery in cadmium Hamre, Edmond Charles


The recovery of mechanical properties following deformation of single crystal cadmium has been studied. Such recovery has been observed above 0.26 TM [subscript omitted] (-120°C). Crystals covering a range of orientation were deformed in tension at -196°C and recovered at elevated temperatures. Transmission electron microscopy to relate tensile and recovery behaviour to dislocation structures was found to be impossible. It was observed that work hardening during the initial portion of the easy glide region is completely recoverable. At higher strains in easy glide, a portion of the work hardening was not recoverable. It is believed that in this latter section, dislocations are generated on the second order pyramidal system {1122} <1123>. These dislocations will combine with basal dislocations to form stable obstacles in the lattice which will be responsible for the non-recoverable work hardening. The end of easy glide was found to occur at x = 20°, independent of recovery or initial orientation. This phenomenon is associated with flow on the second order pyramidal system which will produce a much higher density of obstacles at this point, resulting in a higher work hardening rate. Recovery in stage II was observed to increase the amount of strain attainable. It was also observed that while recovery up to intermediate strains in stage II affected only basal dislocations, both basal and pyramidal dislocations appear to be recovered at high strains. Pyramidal dislocations may recover by the processes observed by Price. The rate controlling mechanism for yield and flow of cadmium single crystals is thought to be one of the non-conservative motion of jogs. An attempt was made to calculate an activation energy for the recovery process, but the data did not yield any meaningful numbers. This may be a result of the definition of recovery adopted for this work.

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