UBC Theses and Dissertations
The use of headings and text organization as aids to recall of expository prose in grade 5 through 10 with an emphasis on grades 9 and 10 Gibbs, Richard Stephen
This study investigated the effects of headings and text organization on grade 5 through 10 students' written recall of expository prose passages written in a classification/description mode. Emphasis was placed on the results from students in grades 9 and 10. This study was a component of a three part study. The other two parallel studies emphasized grades 5 and 6 (Stables, 1985) and 7 and 8 (King, 1985). Each subject read and recalled two passages: one written at his or her grade level and one written at a low readability level. Performance on the written recalls from passages with headings and without headings was examined on the basis of the number of superordinate and subordinate ideas recalled, the superordinate and subordinate organization, and the format. Developmental trends were investigated by including the data from the two parallel studies (Stables, 1985; King, 1985). There was some evidence that headings had a significant effect on the number of superordinate ideas recalled from a passage of low readability. Some significant differences indicated negative effects by headings. The majority of differences, however, were not significant. Developmental trends in grades 5 through 10 were noted in the number of ideas recalled on a low readability passage and the format used on the written recalls. Implications for instruction and suggestions for further research are discussed.
Item Citations and Data