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Personality characteristics of three groups of weight-trainers Leithwood, Kenneth Arthur

Abstract

The personality characteristics of three groups of Weight-Trainers were investigated in order to determine: 1. if Weight-Trainers, as a group differed significantly from the general population; 2. if Weight-Trainers differed from one another when compared on the basis of their motivation for participation; 3. if one group of Weight-Trainers deviated from the norm more than the other groups. Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire was administered to forty-five subjects. Fifteen of these subjects trained as a conditioning activity for another sport, fifteen trained to improve their physique and fifteen trained to increase their strength for Weight Lifting competitions. Results, derived by the methods of an analysis of variance and "t" tests, indicated that: 1. Weight-Trainers, as a group, differ at the one per cent level from the general population on measures of intelligence, character strength, naivete, extroversion and self-sufficiency; 2. Weight-Trainers are a relatively homogeneous group of athletes.

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