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Cardiorespiratory responses following an 8 week deep water running training program in elderly women Chu, Kelly Shan-Lin


The study compared the acute and training responses of deep water running (DWR) to treadmill running (TMR) in elderly women. Twenty inactive, healthy women (64.5 ± 3.5 years) volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects were randomly and evenly divided into a control or exercise group. Maximal TMR exercise response was achieved using a graded protocol of 3.5mph, increasing 2% grade/min. Maximal DWR exercise response was achieved using a tethered apparatus starting at an initial load of 300g and increasing lOOg/min. Training intensities were set at 70%, 75%, and 80% of pre-training DWR maximal heart rates (HR) during weeks 1-2, 3-5, and 6-8, respectively. Maximal oxygen consumption (VC>2max), ventilation (VE), heart rate (HR), and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were measured during DWR and TMR maximal tests, both pre and post training. Blood samples were taken 2 minutes post exercise to determine blood lactate concentrations (Blac). Within subject repeated measures ANOVA was performed to determine whether statistical differences occurred across exercise conditions (TMR vs. DWR), over time (training effect), and with training responses between TMR and DWR (specificity of training). Data obtained pertaining to the acute responses of DWR and TMR revealed significantly higher TMR V02max (23.94 vs. 18.49 and 21.59 vs. 17.65 ml/kg/min, p

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