UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Measurement and modeling of the effect of fines content on the transverse permeability of oriented strand board (OSB) Fakhri, Hamidreza


Most Oriented Strand Board (OSB) panels produced today contain up to 30% fines in the core. Since substantial quantities of fines are generated during the stranding process, there is a strong economic incentive for incorporating as much of this material into finished panels as possible while still meeting product quality standards. The inclusion of fines into the core of an OSB mat affects the permeability of the mat, which in turn may affect the press cycle of the boards. There is some work on the permeability of particleboard and OSB made from only strands or without resin in the literature, but none on resinated mixtures of fines and strands. For this work, OSB furnish was collected from a commercial OSB plant. The species mix in the furnish was approximately 60% aspen, 30% pine, and 10% birch. The strands and fines were separated by screening. A set of 45 boards was made at 3 levels of target density and 5 different strands and fines ratios and transverse permeability of the full thickness, surface, and core layers were measured. Vertical density profile (VDP) and internal bond strength (IB) of the boards were also tested. The results indicate that board density has a major effect on transverse permeability of the full thickness of the OSB panel as well as individual layers within a board (top, bottom, and core). Fines content in the core layer has a statistically significant effect on its permeability. In contrast, there was no statistically significant effect of fines content on permeability of the full thickness samples; this implies that permeability of the core layer was heavily masked by the denser impermeable surface layers. The permeability of the core layer increases with fines content at each panel density level with the rate of increase being higher for the high density panels. Based on these results, a model was developed to predict the permeability of the core of OSB containing a mixture of strands and fines. The model considers the furnish mixture as layers of only strands and only fines arranged in series and parallel configurations. The inputs to the model are the mass fraction of the fines in the layer, the known permeability of the composite comprised of 100% fines and 100% strands .layers as functions of density, and an empirical coefficient 'α' which expresses the contribution from each model. It was found that the upper bound of the permeability data was approximately coincident with the parallel model while the lower bound corresponded with the series model. The permeability data were well described by a rule of mixtures combination of the parallel and series models for α - 0.48.

Item Media

Item Citations and Data


For non-commercial purposes only, such as research, private study and education. Additional conditions apply, see Terms of Use https://open.library.ubc.ca/terms_of_use.