UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

High frequency beam diffraction by apertures and reflectors Suedan, Gibreel A.


Most solutions for electromagnetic wave diffraction by obstacles and apertures assume plane wave incidence or omnidirectional local sources. Solutions to diffraction problems for local directive sources are needed. The complex source point representation of directive beams together with uniform solutions to high frequency diffraction problems is a powerful combination for this. Here the method is applied to beam diffraction by planar structures with edges, such as the half-plane, slit, strip, wedge and circular aperture. Previously used restrictions to very narrow beams and paraxial regions, are removed here and the range of validity increased. Also it is shown that the complex source point method can give a better approximation to broad antenna beams than the Gaussian function. The solution derived for the half-plane problem is uniform, accurate and valid for all beam orientations. This solution can be used as a reference solution for other uniform or asymptotic solutions and is used to solve for the wide slit and complementary strip problems. Uniform solutions for omidirectional sources are developed and extended analytically to become solutions for directive beams. The uniform theory of diffraction is used to obtain uniform solutions where there are no simple exact solutions, such as for the wedge and circular aperture. Otherwise rigorously correct solutions at high frequencies for singly diffracted far fields are used, such as for the half-plane, slit and strip. The geometrical theory of diffraction and equivalent line currents are used to include interaction between edges. Extensive numerical results including the limiting cases; e.g. plane wave incidence, line and point sources are given. These solutions are compared with previous solutions, wherever possible and good agreement is evident Beam diffraction by a wedge with its edge on the beam axis is analysed. This solution completes a previous asymptotic solution which is infinite on the shadow boundaries and inaccurate in the transition regions. Finally, the diffraction by a circular aperture illuminated by normally incident acoustic beam, is derived and the singularity along the axial caustic is removed using Bessel functions and a closed form expression for multiple diffraction is derived.

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