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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Directional wave effects on large offshore structures of arbitrary shape Sinha, Sanjay


A numerical method is described to study directional wave effects on large offshore structures of arbitrary shape, based on an extension of linear diffraction wave theory for regular waves. A computer program has been developed to compute loading transfer functions and response amplitude operators and hence the loading and response spectra for both long- and short-crested random waves. Cosine powered directional spreading functions which are independent of frequency have been used to account for the shortcrestedness of waves. Comparisions of the results for long- and short-crested seas show that there is a significant reduction in the loading, and hence in the response, due to shortcrestedness of waves. The probabilistic properties of the components of the loading and response are described. Since the sea surface is assumed to follow a Gaussian distribution, these are also random Gaussian variables. In short-crested waves, the loading and response components occur both in-line and transverse to the principal wave direction. Thus the maximum horizontal loading and response may occur in an arbitrary horizontal direction. An analytical method is developed to describe also the probabilistic properties of the maxima of the components and the maxima of their horizontal resultants. In the present study, results are described for a freely floating box. Comparisons are made with published results and are found to be quite favourable.

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