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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Large deflection elastic-plastic analysis of plate structures by the finite strip method Abayakoon, Sarath Bandara Samarasinghe


A solution procedure based on the finite strip method is presented herein, for the analysis of plate systems exhibiting geometric and material non-linearities. Special emphasis is given to the particular problem of rectangular plates with stiffeners running in a direction parallel to one side of the plate. The finite strip method is selected for the analysis as the geometry of the problem is well suited for the application of this method and also as the problem is too complicated to solve analytically. Large deflection effects are included in the present study, by taking first, order non-linearities in strain-displacement relations into account. Material non-linearities are handled by following von-Mises yield criterion and associated flow rule. A bi-linear stress-strain relationship is assumed for the plate material, if tested under uniaxial conditions. Numerical integration of virtual work equations is performed by employing Gauss quadrature. The number of integration points required in a given direction is determined either by observing the individual terms to be integrated or by previous experience. The final set of non-linear equations is solved via a Newton-Raphson iterative scheme, starting with the linear solution. Numerical investigations are carried out by applying the finite strip computer programme to analyse uniformly loaded rectangular and I beams with both simply supported and clamped ends. Displacements, stresses and moments along the beam are compared with analytical solutions in linear analyses and with finite element solutions in non-linear analyses. Investigations are also extended to determine the response of laterally loaded square plates with simply supported and clamped boundaries. Finally, a uniformly loaded stiffened panel is analysed and the results are compared with finite element results. It was revealed that a single mode in the strip direction was sufficient to yield engineering accuracy for design purposes, with most problems.

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