UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Stereochemistry of bridgehead free radicals Humphrey, Leonard Blair

Abstract

Supervisor: Dr. R.E. Pincock In order to attempt to define more rigourously the geometric requirements of bridgehead free radicals, two t-butyl peresters of bridgehead acids are prepared — t-butyl adamantane-1-percarboxylate and t-butyl norbornane-1-percarboxylate. The decompositions of these peresters are examined, the rates determined, and the activation parameters for the decompositions calculated. Evidence is presented which suggests that the decomposition of t-butyl adamantane-1-percarboxylate proceeds via a concerted mechanism, splitting out CO₂ and producing the bridgehead free radical. An enthalpy of activation of 30.5 kcal./mole and an entropy of activation of 13 cal./deg. are determined. Similar evidence is presented which indicates that t-butyl norbornane-1-percarboxylate also decomposes via the concerted mechanism. The enthalpy of activation for this decomposition is found to be 32.2 kcal./mole and the entropy of activation found to be -3.6 cal./deg. The results obtained here are compared to those of other workers, and the inference that the entropy of activation plays a major role in determining rates of such decompositions is made. A synthetic pathway to another bridgehead perester, t-butyl bicyclo[2,2,2]octane-l-percarboxylate is explored, and a new and more practicable synthesis of bicyclo[2,2,2]octane-l-carboxylic acid presented. A comparison of bridgehead free radicals to bridgehead carbonium ions is made, and other evidence pertinent to the stereochemistry of bridgehead free radicals is discussed.

Item Media

Item Citations and Data

License

For non-commercial purposes only, such as research, private study and education. Additional conditions apply, see Terms of Use https://open.library.ubc.ca/terms_of_use.

Usage Statistics