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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Sampling of the phases within a liquid-liquid extraction spray column Bergeron, Georges


A study has been made of sampling techniques in a liquid-liquid extraction spray column using first a bell-shaped and a hook-shaped probe for the dispersed phase and for the continuous phase respectively. Later a piston method was attempted for the dispersed phase. The main interest in this research was the point concentration inside the column. At first, the time to reach steady state was considered in the absence of sampling. Later on, the rate of purging and sampling was varied for the probes up to 14.2 cc./min. for the continuous phase and 28.2 cc./min. for the dispersed phase. These rates were not sufficient to disturb the steady state. The measured point concentration was studied as a function of rate of sampling. Coalescence at the dispersed phase (bell-shaped) probe entrance did not take place. Finally, a piston sampler was set up and used in conjunction with the continuous phase (hook-shaped) probe as a second way to obtain point concentrations of the dispersed phase to compare with the results obtained with the bell-shaped probe. From these experiments, it can be concluded that sampling rate, varied from zero to 34.0 cc./min. for the continuous phase and from zero to 28.0 cc./min. for the dispersed phase, does not influence the point concentrations measured for column flows of 54.8 ft³/hr.-ft² and 72.4 ft³/hr.-ft² for the water and ketone phases respectively. The point concentration of the dispersed phase measured with the piston do not check definitively the results obtained with the bell-shaped probe; they do indicate that such agreement is fairly probable.

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