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Crystallization kinetics of sodium sulphate from 9N sulphuric acid solution Nyakiamo, Anthony P.


The crystallization kinetics of sodium sulphate from 9N sulphuric acid was studied under cooling conditions. The crystal growth and nucleation rates were determined using the Population Balance concept in a continuous mixed-suspension mixed-product-removal (MSMPR) crystallizer. The effects of supersaturation, crystal suspension density and temperature on the crystallization kinetics were all investigated. The study was conducted at crystallizer temperatures of 45, 50, 55, and 60 °C. The crystal growth rate data were correlated to the supersaturation with a power-law, G = KGSg. The crystal nucleation rate data were fitted to both primary (B° = KBSb) and secondary (B° = KNMTjSu) nucleation models. Growth and nucleation rate data were correlated according to the primary (B° = KbGi) and secondary (B° = KnMTjGv) relative kinetic models. The study determined that the growth rate data fit the expression, (G = KGS⁰‧⁸⁷ ), and that secondary nucleation was the dominant mode of nuclei generation (B° = KNMT⁰‧⁸⁴S¹‧²⁷). The sodium sulphate crystallizes from solution as the acid salt, sodium sesqui-sulphate (Na₃HSO₄) . The rate constants, KG and KN, were both functions of temperature and were fitted to Arrhenius type expressions : [formula omitted]

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