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UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Production and reproduction : a critical analysis of the use of ’reproduction’ in Marxist literature on the family and the state Molloy, Maureen Anne


The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid in strument which would allow nursing instructors to assess their continu ing education needs. A conceptual model was adopted which divided the learning needs of a professional person into three major areas: basic subject matter, subject matter of related discipline, and personal growth. This model was adapted to the needs of nursing instructors by dividing each major area into subcategories. Competencies were developed for each area and grouped by use of a Q-sort. A questionnaire listing competencies was created and sent to two experts in nursing education from every Provincial Nurses’ Associ ation and from each of the Canadian University Schools of Nursing. The 63 judges selected were asked to rate the importance of each competency on a five point Likert type scale. Eighty-six competencies were deemed to be sufficiently important to be retained for inclusion in the Needs Assessment Instrument. The reliability and validity of the instrument was then considered. Test re-test reliability was established by submitting the instrument to sixteen instructors on two occasions, with a four-week interval between sessions. A Pearson product-moment correlation yielded a reliability co efficient of .97. Face validity and content validity were assumed in view of the methods used for item selection and judging. Construct validity was tested by administering the Needs Assessment Instrument to 35 nursing instructors and comparing continuing education needs as ex pressed by respondents to continuing education needs as measured by the instrument. A Spearman rank correlation between the two tests showed a mean correlation co-efficient of .70 (p < .05). In view of the above findings, it was concluded that the methods employed to construct the Needs Assessment Instrument were successful. The 86-item instrument helps nursing instructors choose from among available continuing education options. It is also potentially useful for program planners who should develop continuing education courses based on learning needs. However, the instrument has not been tested on a sufficiently large scale to permit major conclusions regarding its practical utility.

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