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UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

A comparison between two activity programmes and their effects upon physical fitness and attitude toward physical activity of grade 8 boys Meachin, John Basford

Abstract

The purposes of this study were as follows: To determine the effects of two fitness programmes (one comprising gym games activities, and the other comprising circuit training activities) on physical fitness and attitudes towards physical activity of grade 8 boys. It was hypothesized that: 1. There would be no significant difference in the effects of the two programmes on the physical fitness of grade 8 boys. 2. There would be no significant difference in the effects of the two programmes on the attitude toward physical activity of grade 8 boys when participating in programmes comprising either gym games or circuit training activities. The Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation Test (C.A.H.P.E.R.) and the Children's Attitude Toward Physical Activity Test (C.A.T.P.A.) were administered to 44 grade 8 male physical education students at a high school in British Columbia. The data for the six physical fitness sub-tests (Sit-ups, Flexed Arm Hang, Standing Long Jump, 50 Metre Sprint and 2400 Metre Endurance Run) and the eight attitude sub-tests (Social (A), Social (B), Health and Fitness (A), Health and Fitness (B), Vertigo, Aesthetic, Catharsis and Ascetic) were analysed using a univariate analysis of variance. Results from this study showed that: 1. The gym games group made a significantly greater improvement, in four (Sit-up, Standing Long Jump, 50 Metre Sprint, and 2400 Metre Endurance Run) of the six C.A.H.P.E.R. sub-tests than the circuit training group. 2. The Circuit Training group made a significantly greater improvement in two (Flexed Arm Hang, and Shuttle Run) of the six C.A.H.P.E.R. sub-tests than the gym games group. 3. A six week programme of gym games activities was followed by a significant deterioration in attitude in four (Social (A), Social (B), Health and Fitness (B), and Catharsis) of the eight C.A.T.P.A. sub-tests. 4. A six week programme of circuit training activities was followed by a significant deterioration in attitude in three (Health and Fitness (B), Aesthetic, and Acetic) of the eight C.A.T.P.A. sub-tests. A six week programme of either gym games or circuit training activities did not produce a significant change in attitude on the C.A.T.P.A. Vertigo sub-test.

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