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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Cognitive abilities that underlie mathematics achievement : a high ability perspective Gelbart, Daphne

Abstract

In this study the cognitive abilities underlying math excellence among children are examined, with a focus on children of high mathematical ability. The relationship between cognitive functioning—as defined by the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory—and academic achievement among children who excel in mathematics is explored in order to understand-whether strong math skills correspond to any "typical" cognitive ability profile(s). Results suggest that Short-Term Memory, Working Memory, and Visual/Spatial Thinking are significant predictors of strong and specific achievement in math calculation skills, whereas Fluid Reasoning is a significant predictor of strong and specific achievement in math reasoning. The results outlined in this study may supplement the existing research body relating to the full range of mathematics ability.

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