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Adjustment to hemodialysis : a relationship study with demographic variables Sawatzky, Dale James


This study examines the relationships between three aspects of adjustment to hemodialysis (i.e. activity levels, mood states and severity of symptoms) and four demographic variables (i.e. age, occupation, education and length of time on dialysis). The sample consisted of 37 patients on hemodialysis. Activity levels, mood states and severity of symptoms were measured by the activity inventory, profile of mood states and symptom questionnaire, respectively. A personal history questionnaire was employed to assess the demographic variables. The data was analyzed using the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Method with a one-tailed test of significance. Activity levels were found to be negatively correlated with age at a statistically significant level, but were not significantly correlated with occupation, education or length of time on dialysis. Total mood disturbance was not significantly correlated with any of the demographic variables. Total severity of symptoms were negatively correlated with education at a statistically significant level, but no significant correlations were discovered between this aspect of adjustment and the other demographic variables. A few supplemental findings were also deemed important. Total severity of symptoms were both negatively correlated with activity levels and positively correlated with mood states at statistically significant levels. However, mood states and activity levels were not significantly correlated. Finally, a significant positive correlation was found between education and occupational level.

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