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The extent of agreement among counsellors on practical models of counselling Grimes, Barbara Lynn


The present study examined types of practical models evident in the reported practice of counsellors at the every-day clinical level. It was found that there was one dominant model. The practical model reported by graduate counselling students was similar to the predominant model indicated by professors. The model found tends to agree with the relationship aspect of counselling as described by Egan (1982) in Stage 1 and Stage 2. However, goal setting and problem-solving techniques found in Stage 2 and 3, respectively; were not apparent. Twenty-seven individuals, twelve faculty members and fifteen graduate students in the Department of Counselling Psychology at the University of British Columbia participated in the study. Using sixty statements selected from Egan's (1982) developmental model of counselling, each participant was asked to Q-sort the statements according to what was most characteristic of oneself as a practising counsellor or as characteristic of oneself as the practising counsellor one hoped to be. Participant's results were intercorrelated. The matrix of intercorrelations was submitted to principal components analysis and then to a varimax rotation. The clearest data reduction was achieved by the first principal component without rotation. The results indicated one dominant, hypothetical model of counselling used by this sample. Also, the similarities of the hypothetical counselling model and Egan's (1982) model were within Stages 1 and 2. They differed in setting goals and problem-solving techniques.

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