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A study of a group treatment for men and women diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder Dzedzora, Vivian

Abstract

This study compares the reduction of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in men and women who had participated in a treatment group. Respondents were 51 adult men and women (30 women and 21 men) who met a diagnosis of PTSD. Of the initial 51 participants, 31 completed treatment (10 males and 21 females). Men ranged in age from 22 to 61 years of age with a mean age of 42, while women ranged from 22 to 55 years of age with a mean age of 36. A manualized treatment protocol based on a cognitive-behavioral approach consisting of exposure therapy, cognitive restructuring and breathing retraining exercises was delivered by the same two co-therapists for all treatment groups on a twice-weekly basis. Measures included the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale. Results indicated a significant reduction in PTSD, Anxiety and Depression symptoms for both men and women pre to post treatment. There were no significant differences in the reduction of PTSD, Depression and Anxiety symptoms between male and female participants. Results are discussed in light of the PTSD research.

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