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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Correlation of the area including Kimberly, Metaline and Coeur d'Alene Cheriton, Camon Glenn

Abstract

Within the area under consideration there are two great series of strata. The lower one is known as the Purcell-Belt Series and is divided into two main groups. A widespread unconformity separates the Purcell Series from the younger and overlying Windermere Series. The Lower Purcell-Belt group consists of the Aldridge-Prichard, Creston-Ravalli, Kitchener-Wallace, and Siyeh-Striped Peak. They were deposited under marine conditions from the erosion of a western Precambrian Cascadia. The Upper Purcell-Belt group consists of the Dutch Creek, Mount Nelson and their equivalents in Canada and the Missoula Group of Montana and possibly the Priest River group of Washington. This group is separated from the Lower Purcell by a period of diastrophism marked by the intrusion of Purcell sills and the extrusion of Purcell lavas. The Upper Purcell-Belt sediments were derived from the positive areas as a result of the preceding crusted disturbance. The Purcell-Belt times were closed by large scale orogeny called the "Purcell Uplift". The north-south trending belt of Purcell mountains formed a landmass which greatly affected lower Palaeozoic stratigraphy. This positive area is commonly referred to as the "Montana Island". The Precambrian portion of the Windermere Series includes the Toby-Shedroof conglomerate, Irene Deola volcanics and the Horsethief Creek-Monk formations. The clastic formations were derived from the Purcell Mountains and deposited on their western flank. Marine conditions arose during Horsethief Creek times. The Cambrian portion of the Windermere Series was deposited in a north-south trending geosynclinal trough which extended from the Metaline quadrangle to the Field-Golden area of the Rocky Mountains and probably beyond. It includes the lower quartzitic Hamill Group and the overlying limy and argillaceous Lardeau group. They were deposited as the shoreline transgressed south and east over the "Montana Island" and reduced it from one of high relief to one of low relief. Stages of emergence and resumed sedimentation are indicated, by upper formations of the Lardeau group.

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